One way to describe primary industries would be to say that they are involved in the growing, harvesting, extracting and sometimes processing of natural resources which form the basis of the products we use in our everyday lives.
The Primary sector of industry involves the conversion of natural resources into primary products. Most products from this sector are considered raw materials for other industries. Major businesses in this sector include agriculture, agribusiness, fishing, aquaculture, forestry and all mining and quarrying industries.
Downstream manufacturing industries that agregate, pack, package, purify or process the raw materials close to the primary producers are normally considered part of this sector, especially if the raw material is unsuitable for sale or difficult to transport long distances.
The key areas of employment in this sector are:
• Farming involves growing crops.
- Stockbreading means rearing animals (cattle), providing food, wool and skins.
• Mining involves extracting raw materials – oil and coal, for example – from the earth (or under the sea).
- Quarrying is
• Fishing involves catching sea life.
- Aquiculture is
- Forestry and silviculture promote
In developed and developing countries, a decreasing proportion of workers are involved in the primary sector.
Primary industries also create the basic materials for use in other industries, such as growing and harvesting wheat that can then be turned into the bread.