TYPES OF INDUSTRIES

TYPES OF INDUSTRY

HEAVY INDUSTRY

–         It transforms raw materials into semi- finished products.

–         It requires high investment in raw materials and energy sources.

–         It is located close to deposits of raw materials and energy sources or to receiving centres of these like ports.

–         It is very contaminating.

PRINCIPAL TYPES OF HEAVY INDUSTRIES

TYPE OF INDUSTRY PRINCIPAL  PRODUCTS
 

METALLURGICAL

 

Iron, steel , aluminium, copper 

HEAVY CHEMICAL Sulphuric acid, nitrogen,

phosphates, caustic soda

 

CAPITAL GOODS INDUSTRY

–         It transforms semi-finished products from heavy industry into finished goods and products.

TYPE OF INDUSTRY MAIN PRODUCTS
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS CEMENT, CONCRETE
INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURUAL MACHINERY MACHINES AND EQUIPMENT: TOOLS AND INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY( TRACTORS, COMBINE HARVESTERS)
TRANSPORT MATERIALS AERONAUTICS : PLANES, HELICOPTERS.

NAVAL: BOATS

RAILWAY MATERIALS: TRACKS AND CARRIAGES

AEROSPACE SPAACAE SATELLITES AND SPACE SHIPS
TIMBER AND PAPER WOOD PULP AND PAPER
ELECTRICAL , ELECTRONIC AND COMPUTING MACHINES THAT IMPROVE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES: MICROCHIPS, ROBOTS, COMPUTING EQUIPMENT

LIGHT INDUSTRY OR CONSUMER GOODS INDUSTRY

–         It makes products for direct consumption.

–         It consumes fewer raw materials and energy sources than the heavy industry and capital goods industry, and it is generally less contaminating.

–         It is usually located near the cities and transport links.

 

TYPE OF INDUSTRY MAIN PRODUCTS
FOOD Vegetable, meat dairy products, packed and frozen fish and sea food.
AUTOMOBILES Lorries, vans, cars and motorcycles.
LIGHT CHEMICAL PRODUCTS Pharmaceutical , photographic, cosmetic and plastic products.
ELECTONICS AND COMPUTING Televisions, telephones, computers, multimedia players, cameras and digital video-cameras.
TEXTILES Clothes and other articles ( rugs, bags, belts, etc)

 

 

 Industryworksheet

STD10-GEOG-INDUSTRIES [A]

Industrial+World+WS+1

 

 

 

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