THE AGE OF EXPLORATION: CAUSES

Age of Exploration PPT

2.1

European Exploration—Causes

• Desire for wealth and power. (Gold and Glory)

 European explorers hoped to find riches in distant countries and to discover a sea route to Asia.

 Search for spices (nutmeg, ginger, cloves, cinnamon, pepper, etc.) and luxury goods (silk, gold, silver, jewels, ivory, porcelains, tea, etc.) from Africa and the East.

• Religious aims (God)

 Europeans hoped to spread Christianity to people throughout the world and to drive Muslims out of other lands.

• Renaissance spirit

 Europeans adventurers wanted to test the limits of human ability and to explore the unknown. Discover far away places and settle in the new lands.

• Improvements in technology

+ Europeans began to build stronger, faster sailing ships: the  caravel, a ship with two sails one each for running with the wind and for sailing into the wind.

 The hull design was improved and could ride out ocean storms.
 They could also put canons on the decks of these ships).

+  They developed better navigational instruments:

  • astrolabe, could tell north and south of the equator by the position of the stars

  • magnetic compass, told direction accurately

  • more accurate maps with the discovery of how to find the longitude.

LabelingSpanishGalleon

AgeofExplorationCloze

2.1 causesofexp-2011

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