10.+Rise+of+New+MonarchiesELEMENTS OF THE MODERN MONARCHY The army. More income allows the kings To keep a state army, not longer Depending on the p...

BUREAUCRACY The state has now More people working For them (justice, taxes, administration
HIGHER TAXATION Kings had now a Regular income From new taxes (trade, for instance) Cervantes was a tax collector He stand...
DIPLOMACY Increased in The 16th century. Ambassadors became known representing the king’s interests
CAPITALS The kings Started to live in a single place, and Became the Main centre of The country.
Between 11th and 14th centuries economic and social changes were evident in Europe. Major trends included:
  • A revival of TRADE
  • The growth of CITIES
  • An increase in the POWER OF KINGS at the expense of the feudal nobility.

Prior to the 1500s, in Europe, the nation-state as we know it did not exist. Most people did not consider themselves part of a nation; the rulers of states had little control over their countries. Instead, local feudal lords had a great  power, and kings often had to depend on the nobles to rule.

In the Early Modern Era, kings began to consolidate power by weakening the feudal nobles and allying with the  commercial goups. 

The consolidation of power took a long time. Kings and queens worked to bring all the people of their territories under unified government.  Monarchs encouraged their subjects to feel loyalty toward the new nations.

The monarchs used these elements to consolidate their power:

  • The key to the power and success of  monarchs lay in how they solved their financial problems. The  solution was the creation of new state administration that collected taxes.
  • To defend the nation whithout depending on the nobility, kings created permanent armies.

  • Diplomacy and ambassadors helped the monarchs to direct the international relations. Ambassadors represented the king´s interests in other countries.

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