ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AND ITS COMPONENTS

Economic activity is most easily defined as the activity of producing, providing, purchasing, or selling various goods or services.

Economy can be defined as the system or organization of natural resources. There are three stages in economic activity:

A) PRODUCTION.

B) DISTRIBUTION

C) CONSUMPTION

PRODUCTION

IIP: Incredible Index of Production

The goods and services produced by businesses. A good or service may actually be produced in a number of stages by a number of different businesses.

CHAIN OF PRODUCTION

This shows the various stages of production that a good or service passes through before it reaches the consumer.

E.g. a self-assembly table:

Tree cut down….
Table manufactured…
Stocked in a shop e.g.IKEA…
sold to the customer

Production is based on  making goods that can be classified in:

  • Products or objects.
  • Services are works or consultancy offered to people.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GOODS AND SERVICES?

A good is something that you can use or consume, like food or CDs or books or a car or clothes. You buy a good with the idea that you will use it, either just once or over and over again.

Goods - Wikipedia
Catholic Health Services | Miami-Dade & Broward County Health Care :  Catholic Health Services
A service is something that someone does for you, like give you a haircut or fix you dinner or even teach you social studies. You don’t really get something solid, like a book or a CD, but you do get something that you need.

When producing something, resources are used. The different resources used in a product are called factors of production. There are 3 types of factors of production:

  • Natural resources: land, animals, plants, energy sources.
  • Human resources or workers.
  • Capital resources such as money, machinery, etc.

DISTRIBUTION

The way in which the good or service is delivered to the consumer for purchase. It could be through a wholesaler, retailer or sold directly over the internet.

Robots efficiently sorting hundreds of parcels per hour(automated guided vehicle) agv.3d rendering Free Photo

CONSUMPTION/ CONSUMER EXPENDITURE

Spending by consumers on goods and service

TRENDS IN CONSUMER EXPENDITURE

In recent years many individuals have experienced an increase in their disposable income (the money they have to spend after tax and essential payments). Many people are also choosing to retire or go part time at an earlier age.

Consequently growth areas of consumer expenditure include

– LEISURE SERVICES e.g. holidays, eating out, fitness and sports.

Bridport Leisure Centre is looking for your thoughts on its services and  facilities | Dorset Echo
– TECHNOLOGY e.g. mobile phones, computers

Is the place people buy mobile phones changing? | YouGov
– LEISURE GOODS e.g. TV’s, gardening equipment

9 consejos para comprar un buen televisor - MuyComputer

 VIDEOS TO REVIEW:

POWERPOINT PRESENTATION:

economic-activities-basics (1)

WORKSHEETS TO PRACTICE:

goodsandservicesworksheet

GoodsandServicesEconomicsSkillSheets

NOTES ON THE TOPIC:

introduction-to-economy (2)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s