CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA

POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT

Population exceeds 468 million inhabitants. Natural increase is high as well as infant mortality rate. The rate of urbanization is very high and many people migrate to USA and Europe looking for better living conditions.

ECONOMY

Agriculture is an important economic activity. Subsistence agriculture coexists with plantation and commercial farming. Plantation and commercial agriculture sometimes is controlled by multinational companies.

Industry is developed in Brazil, Argentina and Chile. The economy of the area relies on exports of natural resources (oil on Venezuela, copper in Chile, coffee in Colombia, timber in Brazil). Some countries in the area have a large external debt and depends on foreign capital.

CULTURE AND SOCIETY

Resultado de imagen de native population of brazil

The region presents a great ethnic diversity with lots of mixed races. There are big social inequalities causing violence and insecurity. Spanish and Portuguese are the most spoken languages. There is a high cultural influence from the USA.

POLITICAL SYSTEMS

Democratic regimes and authoritarian are found in Central and South America. Two of the authoritarian regimes in the area are Cuban and Venezuelan. Other characteristic is political instability.

 economy in south america

economy_of_latin_america

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