SETTLEMENT BASICS: SITE, SITUATION AND URBAN PLANS

SITE AND SITUATION

  • Site is the specific place where the city is established. At the beginning it played a very important role. Cities were near rivers or on a hill top for a better defense.

site-and-settlement-15-638

SITE

  • Situation is the relation of the city with the surrounding areas for example ports, road intersections, in the center of a country.

SITUATION SETTLEMENT

URBAN PLAN

A plan is the graphic representation of the distribution of the built-up areas (houses and other buildings) and the open spaces such as streets, parks or squares.

There are three types of plan depending on the shape and arrangement of the roads:

  • ORTHOGONAL PLAN is also called grid plan or checkerboard. This plan has straight, wide streets that cross at right angles.

FANIS2

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  • RADIOCENTRIC PLAN starts at a central point and from there streets radiate crossed by others that form concentric circles.

RADIOCENTRIC

  • IRREGULAR PLAN does not have a defined geometric shape. It is formed by short and narrow streets and alleys of irregular layout.

IRREGULAR

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