OCEANIA: AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND

OCEANIA

The continent is formed by the islands of Australia and New Zealand with islands in the Pacific (Papua, New Guinea and archipelagos of Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia)

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND

POPULATION:

These countries have small populations with a low natural increase and high life expectancy. Population is mainly urban and lives in coastal areas.

ECONOMY

Australia is rich in mineral resources such as iron, nickel, lead, gold, silver, zinc, uranium, bauxite.

Commercial mechanized agriculture is practiced in Australia cultivating wheat but also garden market agriculture based on vines and fruit trees are important crops in Australian agriculture.

Extensive sheep farming is the most important activity in the primary sector.

On the other hand, industry (automobiles, metallurgy and chemicals) also contributes to the GDP.

The most important economic activity in New Zealand is sheep farming as well as forestry.

Industry is based on agricultural products and forestry. New Zealand exports dairy products, textiles (wool) and cellulose and furniture.

CULTURE AND SOCIETY

A great majority of the population has British origin. Natives such as the Aborigines in Australia and Maori in New Zealand are a small minority.

In both countries, the official language is English although in New Zealand Maori is recognized as an official language. Anglo – Saxon culture dominates but minorities and natives defend their traditions

POLITCAL SYSTEMS

Australia and New Zealand have parliamentary democracies and belong to the Commonwealth.

 

 AUSTRALIAN GEOGRAPHY

AUSTRALIAN CITIES

NewZealandWorksheet

AUSTRALIAN ECONOMY

newzealand economy

WorksheetWorks_Geography_of_New_Zealand_1

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s