CULTURAL CHANGES: HUMANISM

The Humanism 

Humanism (the philosophy that people are rational beings) became quite popular during the Renaissance.  This movement originated in Italy and spread throughout Europe. 

The main characteristics of humanism were:

  • The interest in classical culture and philosophy. Greek and Roman art, culture and ideas were the base of humanism and Renaissance.

Santa María dei Fiori, catedral de Florencia

  • Anthropocentrism was a new way to understand physolophy. Human beings become the centre of the art and philosophy. This was a reaction against the Middle Ages when God and Christianity was the main subject of philosophy (theocentrism) Reality was explain without the influence of religion.

Gustavo Bueno, El humanismo como ideal supremo, El Catoblepas 158:2, 2015

  • New inventions as a result of a new concept of Creativity. The most important one was the printing press which helped to spread humanism. 

The Printing Revolution in Renaissance Europe - World History Encyclopedia

  • Desire of knowledge without any limits. Scholars were interested in all kind of subjects and wanted to be the Renaisance Man.
  • Critical thinking led to the development of the scientific method based on  reason, research and experimentation.
  • The use of vernacular languages instead of Latin . Dante, Petrach, Boccaccio, Cervantes or Shakespeare wrote their plays in Italian, Spanish and English. Also scientists used vernacular languages.

Petrarch - Francesco Petrarca, commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was an  Italian scholar and poet in Renaissance Italy, and one of the … |  Personajes, Retratos, Caras

 

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