Italian Renaissance architecture was influenced by Greek and Roman art. Some classical characteristics reintroduced in the architecture were:
- Domes were used in Florence Cathedral as well as in St. Peter´s Basilica in the Vatican. Brunelleschi designed the dome of Florence´s cathedral while Michelangelo inspired by the Roman Pantheon redesigned the dome of St. Peter´s Basilica.
- Columns had classical capitals and entablatures
- Semi-circular arches and coffered ceilings were used in San Lorenzo in Florence.
- Triangular pendiments and freezes with geometrical designs.
- Longitudinal and central plan(circular, square or Greek cross).
The main characteristics of the Italian architecture were:
- Simplicity. Façades did not have a dense decoration.
- Open spaces such as public squares.
- Proportion and symmetry between all parts. Buildings were not very tall to keep proportions between vertical and horizontal lines.
QUATTROCENTO: Brunelleschi and Alberti
MANIERISM: Michelangelo Buonarroti.